Wyman's Teen Outreach Program®
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A nine month program that engages high school students in a minimum of 20 hours of community service learning annually and weekly meetings using TOP's Changing Scenes curriculum, with a goal of reducing rates of teen pregnancy, course failure, and academic suspension.
Wyman's Teen Outreach Program is a youth development program with evidence that it prevents teen pregnancy, school drop-out, course failure, and suspension. Funding streams that support youth development and after school programs, middle and high school education, and pregnancy prevention are most commonly used to support the program. TOP also has a strong emphasis on community service so federal service-learning funding streams as well as private foundations interested in community service are potential sources of support for the program.
Improving the Use of Existing Public Funds
Funding available for youth development, and pregnancy and sexually-transmitted disease prevention may be considered to fund Wyman's Teen Outreach Program. To the extent that existing pregnancy prevention and youth development programs are not evidence-based, a jurisdiction can consider redirecting funds toward Wyman's Teen Outreach Program to get better outcomes. This could potentially be achieved by training and supporting staff in existing after school and pregnancy prevention programs to help them integrate use of the TOP model in their program. TOP can also be implemented during the school day, with the redirection of teacher or school counselor time to facilitate the program.
Allocating State or Local General Funds
State grant funds supporting youth development and pregnancy prevention programs may be considered for TOP. Some state health departments fund TOP through teen pregnancy and violence prevention grants.
Maximizing Federal Funds
- The TOP program has received funding through child welfare agencies in some jurisdictions with Title IV-B funding.
- The 21st Century Community Learning Centers block grant is the largest federal funding source dedicated to after school and youth development programs. State education agencies administer the funds to local school districts and community agencies. TOP has received 21 CCLC funds from state education departments for implementation of the program in after school settings.
- Title I can potentially support curricula purchase, training and teacher salaries in schools that are operating school wide Title I programs. In order for Title I to be allocated, school administrators would have to understand that TOP can contribute to overall academic achievement.
- The Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP), administered by the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF), Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) provides $55 million annually by formula to states and territories for evidence-based programs that educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
- Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) is a formula grant that states use to provide cash assistance and work supports to needy families. One of the four stated purposes of TANF funding is to prevent and reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies and many states have used TANF to support a wide array of youth development programs that can help to prevent pregnancy.
- The Social Services Block Grant Program (SSBG) provides states very flexible dollars to fund a variety of social service programs. State social service agencies may allocate some portion of these funds toward pregnancy programs.
- The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program is administered from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development to localities to support community economic development. Fifteen percent of these funds can be used to support a wide range of public services. Cities may choose to direct some portion of these funds to pregnancy prevention programs and youth development programs.
Discretionary Grants: Relevant discretionary grants include grants focused on pregnancy prevention that are administered by the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) and Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB), and the Centers for Disease Control grants for replication of evidence-based programs for teen pregnancy prevention. In addition, Learn and Service grants administered by the federal Corporation for National and Community Service can potentially support TOP, given its focus on service learning. Finally, the strong education and drop-out prevention outcomes align with discretionary grants focused on drop-out prevention and academic achievement in high need communities that are administered by the Department of Education.
Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships
Foundations, particularly those with a focus on pregnancy prevention, youth development, can be a good source of funding for TOP. Foundations with a particular interest in evidence-based interventions should be explored.
Generating New Revenue
Several fund raising approaches might be useful in supporting TOP. These could include fundraising by local civic organizations, and local businesses and industries. Schools or community organizations with existing youth development programs could seek donors or hold fundraising events to support the relatively low cost of training and curriculum, using that training to improve the quality of existing programming.
All information comes from the responses to a questionnaire submitted by the purveyor, The Wyman Center, to the Annie E. Casey Foundation.