Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A one-to-one tutoring intervention to reduce the number of first-grade students who have extreme difficulty learning to read and write and to reduce the cost of these learners to educational systems.
Many schools/systems use multiple sources to fund Reading Recovery. The available percentages given in the sections below were reported to the International Data Evaluation Center during the 2009-2010 school year. Funding sources may vary year-to-year based on federal, state, and local allocations.
Examples from Reading Recovery teacher training sites are shown below:
1. A Texas site is 100% funded by Texas State Compensatory Education Funds.
2. An Ohio site is funded 99% by Title I and 1% by Title II-A.
3. A Kentucky site reports several sources to fund positions: Read to Achieve state grant (43%); Every1Reads initiative, a partnership between the public system and a local business group (33%); Title I and general funds (24%).
4. An Ohio site reports that past funding has been Title I (85%) and local (15%); a new funding source, the School Improvement Grant, was added last year.
5. An 8-county North Carolina site uses state funds (90%), local funds (6%), and Title I funds (4%).
Allocating State or Local General Funds
State funding sources vary. (In Texas, for example, State Compensatory Education funds are available for supplementary programs to aid students at risk of dropping out of school.) Approximately 30% of Reading Recovery schools use state funding options.
Local funding sources also vary. Approximately 50% of Reading Recovery schools reported using some local funding to implement the intervention.
Maximizing Federal Funds
Title I Part A: Improving America's Schools provides funds for supplemental additional instructional services to students to increase student success. These funds are widely used to fund Reading Recovery teachers and their training.
Title II-A provides supplemental financial assistance to ensure that school professionals have access to high-quality professional development. This fund can be used to support the training of Reading Recovery teachers.
Title III provides supplemental funds for language instruction for limited English and recent immigrants. This fund can be used to support the training of teachers for Descubriendo la Lectura (Reading Recovery in Spanish).
IDEA funding may be used to support Reading Recovery training. If districts choose, 15% of these funds can be used to support response to intervention (RTI).
Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships
Approximately 3% of Reading Recovery schools use some private funding from a variety of sources to implement the intervention.
More than $9 million in private funding was pledged to match a 5-year, $45.6 million Investing in Innovation (i3) scale-up grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Education in 2010. The highest level of scientific evidence was required to qualify for this scale-up grant awarded to The Ohio State University. OSU and 18 university partners trained 3,750 new Reading Recovery teachers, 46 teacher leaders, and provided lessons to 62,000 Reading Recovery students in 38 states. Trained teachers also reached an additional 336,000 children in small group and classroom teaching during the rest of their school day.