Promoting Health Among Teens - Abstinence-Only Intervention
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
An 8-hour abstinence-based education program to reduce risky sexual behavior for African American youth by providing information on sexual risks and helping teens build negotiation, refusal, and problem solving skills for practicing abstinence.
PHAT-Abstinence Only, as a health education program aimed at preventing HIV and other STDs and unwanted pregnancy, can be funded with prevention and health promotion dollars focused on high-risk adolescents.
Improving the Use of Existing Public Funds
To the extent that existing health education and pregnancy prevention programs are not evidence-based, a locality can consider re-directing funds targeted for health education and pregnancy prevention into PHAT-Abstinence Only to get better outcomes.
Allocating State or Local General Funds
State and local health departments as well as city youth development and recreation offices may offer grants supporting pregnancy prevention and the reduction of sexually-transmitted disease.
Maximizing Federal Funds
- The Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP), administered by the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF), provides $55 million annually by formula to states and territories for evidence-based programs that educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
- Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) is a formula grant that states use to provide cash assistance and work supports to needy families. One of the four stated purposes of TANF funding is to prevent and reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies and many states have used TANF to support pregnancy prevention programs.
- The Social Services Block Grant Program (SSBG) provides states very flexible dollars to fund a variety of social service programs. State social service agencies may allocate some portion of these funds toward pregnancy programs.
- The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program is administered from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development to localities to support community economic development. Fifteen percent of these funds can be used to support a wide range of public services. Cities may choose to direct some portion of these funds to pregnancy prevention programs.
Discretionary Grants: Discretionary grants opportunities may be found under the CDC Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) grants, as well as the Administration for Children and Families, Family Youth Services Bureau (FYSB). OAH administers the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program which supports replication of evidence-based TTP programs, of which PHAT-Abstinence Only is one. The Prevention and Public Health Fund, created by the Affordable Care Act and administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is also funding some community-based prevention programs. The Fund was originally funded with $15 billion over 10 years, but has undergone $5 billion in cuts since it was passed. HHS is continuing to administer remaining dollars in the fund to a wide variety of public health and prevention purposes.
Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships
Foundations, particularly those interested in adolescent health and pregnancy prevention and evidence-based practices, can be considered for training and curriculum purchase dollars.