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Model Program Seal

Project Towards No Drug Abuse

Blueprints Program Rating: Model

A classroom-based high school substance abuse program to promote drug awareness and prevent teen drinking, smoking, marijuana, and other hard drug use. The TND curriculum teaches students skills in self-control, communication, resource acquisition, and decision-making.

Project TND is a very low cost program, with low one-time training costs and inexpensive Student Workbooks. Beyond dedicating teaching time to delivering the intervention, little ongoing funding is required.

Improving the Use of Existing Public Funds

Sustaining this program requires the ongoing allocation of existing classroom teaching time to deliver the intervention. Other options include training teachers or youth development professionals to deliver the program, or partnering with public health entities to bring public health professionals into schools to deliver the intervention, affording classroom teachers professional development time. Project TND is delivered, however, in a classroom or classroom-like situation.

Allocating State or Local General Funds

State and local funds, most typically from school budgets, are often allocated to purchase the initial training and Student Workbooks. State Tobacco Settlement revenues are also used by some states for substance abuse prevention programs.

Maximizing Federal Funds

Formula Funds:

  • Title I can potentially support curricula purchase, training, and teacher salaries in schools that are operating schoolwide Title I programs (at least 40% of the student population is eligible for free and reduced lunch). In order for Title I to be allocated, TND would have to be integrated into the general curriculum and viewed as contributing to overall academic achievement.
  • Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Formula Funds support a variety of improvements to delinquency prevention programs and juvenile justice programs in states. Evidence-based programs are an explicit priority for these funds, which are typically administered on a competitive basis from the administering state agency to community-based programs.
  • The Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant can fund a variety of substance abuse prevention and treatment activities and is a potential source of support for school-based substance abuse prevention programs, depending on the priorities of the state administering agency.

Discretionary Grants: Federal discretionary grants from the Department of Education or the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention at the Department of Justice have been used to fund the initial training of teachers. SAMHSA also has relevant federal discretionary grants.

Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships

Foundations can be approached for funding for initial teacher training, and curriculum purchases.

Generating New Revenue

School-based prevention programs such as TND can potentially be supported through state or local funding streams dedicated to prevention. Sin taxes, such as those that target alcohol and tobacco use, have been established by some states to support tobacco and substance abuse prevention programs. The program is so low cost that interested schools could potentially consider community fundraising through Parent Teacher Associations, student civic societies, or partnerships with local businesses and civic organizations as a means of raising dollars to support the initial training and curriculum purchases.

All information comes from the responses to a questionnaire submitted by the developer of the program, Steve Sussman, Ph.D., FAAHB, FAPA, Professor of Preventive Medicine and Psychology at the University of Southern California, to the Annie E. Casey Foundation.