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Promising Program Seal

SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness

Blueprints Program Rating: Promising

A health promotion program that highlights the positive image benefits of an active lifestyle to reduce the use of alcohol, tobacco and drug use by high school students in addition to improving their overall physical health.

Program Outcomes

  • Alcohol
  • Illicit Drug Use
  • Physical Health and Well-Being
  • Tobacco

Program Type

  • Alcohol Prevention and Treatment
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Training
  • Drug Prevention/Treatment
  • School - Individual Strategies

Program Setting

  • School

Continuum of Intervention

  • Universal Prevention (Entire Population)

Age

  • Late Adolescence (15-18) - High School

Gender

  • Male and Female

Race/Ethnicity

  • All Race/Ethnicity

Endorsements

  • Blueprints: Promising
  • SAMHSA: 2.8 - 3.0

Program Information Contact

Chudley Werch, Ph.D., President
PreventionPLUSWellness
3595 Forest Bend Terrace
Jacksonville, FL 32224 
904-472-5022
cwerch@preventionpluswellness.com
preventionpluswellness.com

Program Developer/Owner

  • Chudley Werch, Ph.D.
  • PreventionPLUSWellness

Brief Description of the Program

SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness is a health promotion program for high school adolescents to improve their physical fitness, nutrition, and sleep habits, and avoid alcohol, tobacco and drug use. SPORT content highlights the positive image benefits of an active lifestyle by showing youth as active and fit, and emphasizes substance abuse as counterproductive to achieving positive image and behavior goals. The program consists of an in-person health behavior screen, a one-on-one consultation with the teens, a take-home fitness prescription targeting adolescent health promoting behaviors and alcohol use along with its risk and protective factors, and a flyer reinforcing key content of the consultation mailed to the home. The brief seven-item Health and Fitness Screen provides tailored feedback on six health behavior related areas, and is administered to participants individually during regularly scheduled school hours just prior to implementing the fitness consultation. SPORT fitness consultations are administered using a standardized protocol designed to provide tailored, scripted communications by trained fitness specialists (nurses and certified health specialists) to adolescents one-on-one. At the conclusion of the personal consultation, a take-home fitness prescription is provided recommending the adolescent set goals in the areas of sleep, nutrition, physical activity, and alcohol. Lastly, a one-page flyer is mailed to participants one week after the implementation of the fitness consultations, reinforcing prevention messages provided during the consultation. Although materials developed by the program designer are available in a group and a one-on-one format, as well as a parent-implemented kit, only the one-on-one version is certified by Blueprints as it is the version that was used in the evaluation that met Blueprints quality standards.

See: Full Description

Outcomes

Werch et. al., 2005:

  • At three months post-intervention, the students in SPORT reported more reduction in alcohol consumption, initiation, alcohol use risk, and drug use behaviors (30 day cigarette frequency) than those in the control group, as well as increased exercise habits.
  • At 12-months post-baseline, SPORT resulted in positive effects on  the frequency of cigarette smoking and cigarette smoking initiation.
  • Short term effects were found favoring previous substance users receiving SPORT on alcohol consumption, drug use, and drug initiation, while long-term effects were found on drug consumption and improved physical activity.

Moore & Werch, 2009:

  • At 18 months, no significant effects were found in the full sample.
  • Among drug-using adolescents, those in SPORT had significantly lower scores on four substance measures: alcohol frequency, quantity, heavy use, and marijuana frequency.

Significant Program Effects on Risk and Protective Factors:

  • Alcohol use risk and protective factors at 12-months post-baseline (Werch et al., 2005).

Race/Ethnicity/Gender Details

No analyses by gender or race/ethnicity, but the sample was representative, with 51% White, 22% African American, and 27% Other Ethnic groups.

Risk and Protective Factors

Protective Factors
  • Individual: Exercise, Perceived risk of drug use*

*Risk/Protective Factor was significantly impacted by the program.

See also: SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness Logic Model (PDF)

Training and Technical Assistance

Attending a best practices training workshop or webinar is required prior to implementing the SPORT program. Training workshops and webinars provide interventionists/teachers with critical information and suggestions on how to successfully implement and evaluate the program, as well as how to adapt program materials to specific settings and populations. Workshops are approximately four hours in length, while webinars are about two hours plus two hours of assigned practice implementing SPORT.

Each SPORT program includes 30-day implementation support. Program users can call or email about any problems or questions they may have during this period. Assistance and recommendations will be provided upon request to users regarding how to best implement and evaluate SPORT for maximum success and cost-effectiveness.

NOTE: Webinar training was not used in the evaluations which certified SPORT and has thus not been certified by Blueprints.

Training Certification Process

Upon completing the workshop or webinar training, participants are required to take and pass a brief online exam. A passing score of 80% correct on a multiple item response test is needed to be certified to implement SPORT.

Brief Evaluation Methodology

The study (Werch et al., 2005) consisted of a randomized control trial in a high school in northeast Florida. 604 students participated, 302 in the treatment group and 302 in a control group. Baseline assessment took place during the fall semester of 2002. Post-intervention data were collected three months after the implementation of the program during mid-spring semester 2003 and again 12-months after the baseline data collection during the fall semester 2003. An 18 month follow-up was also conducted, consisting of 346 students, 179 in the treatment group and 167 in the control group (Moore & Werch, 2009).

Peer Implementation Sites

Mike Graham-Squire
Community Health Manager
Neighborhood House
4410 29th AVE S, Seattle WA 98108
(206) 353-7945 cell
(206) 461-6954 x 4111
mikegs@nhwa.org

Laurie Reynolds
Director of Program Services
Chautauqua Alcoholism & Substance Abuse Council (CASAC)
501 West Third Street
Suites 3 & 4 Sprinchorn Building
Jamestown, NY 14701
716.664.3608
716.664.3661 (fax)
laurie@casacweb.org

Christine Cavallucci, LCSW, CPP
Executive Director
ADAPP
2789 Schurz Ave.
Bronx NY
718-904-1333 ext 13
www.adapp.org

Ann E Brodsky, ABrodsky@chicousd.org
Tobacco Use Prevention Education Coordinator
Chico Unified School District
PVHS (530)891-3050, ext 112

References

Werch, C., Moore, M.J., DiClemente, C., Bledsoe, R., & Jobli, E. (2005). A multihealth behavior intervention integrating physical activity and substance use prevention for adolescents. Prevention Science, 6(3), 213-226.

Moore, M.J., & Werch, C. ( 2009). Efficacy of a brief alcohol consumption reintervention for adolescents. Substance Use & Misuse, 44, 1009-1020.