InShape Prevention Plus Wellness
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A brief prevention program to improve physical, mental and spiritual well-being of college students, ages 18-21, by connecting positive health habits and images with avoiding risky alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drug use.
- Illicit Drug Use
- Cognitive-Behavioral Training
- Drug Prevention/Treatment
- School - Individual Strategies
Continuum of Intervention
- Universal Prevention (Entire Population)
- Early Adulthood (19-22)
- Male and Female
- All Race/Ethnicity
- : Promising
- : 2.4-2.7
Program Information Contact
- Chudley Werch, Ph.D.
Brief Description of the Program
InShape Prevention Plus Wellness is based on the Behavior-Image Model (BIM) which states that positive social images and future self-images can be used to link and simultaneously motivate multiple different health risk habits of college students. InShape emphasizes the positive image benefits of setting goals to increase physical activity and exercise, healthy eating, sleep, and stress management, while avoiding alcohol, cigarette and illicit drug use to achieve and maintain a fit and active lifestyle. The main program components include a self-administered behavior image survey, a brief talk about fitness and health with a designated Fitness Specialist, and a set of fitness recommendations and goal plan to improve fitness behaviors and future image. Although materials developed by the program designer are available in both a group and a one-on-one format, only the one-on-one version is certified by Blueprints as it is the version that was used in the evaluation that met Blueprints quality standards.
See: Full Description
In a study with over 300 college students, 12 weeks after program initiation, In-Shape relative to a control group resulted in:
- reduced frequency and heavy use of alcohol,
- reduced driving after drinking,
- reduced initiation, quantity, and heavy use of marijuana,
- increased hours of sleep,
- improved spiritual and social health,
- no significant results on cigarette use, exercise, and nutrition behaviors.
The majority of the sample was Caucasian (71.6%), followed by African American (12.7%), and Hispanic (8.7%). There were no tests related to specificity of results by gender or ethnicity.
Risk and Protective Factors
- Individual: Stress*
- Individual: Exercise, Perceived risk of drug use
*Risk/Protective Factor was significantly impacted by the program.
Training and Technical Assistance
Attending a best practices training workshop or webinar is required prior to implementing the InShape program. Training workshops/webinars provide interventionists/teachers with critical information and suggestions on how to successfully implement and evaluate the program, as well as how to adapt program materials to specific settings and populations. Instructor/implementer training workshops are approximately four hours in length, while webinars are about two hours plus two hours of assigned practice implementing InShape. Upon completing the workshop or webinar training, participants are required to take and pass a brief exam. Each InShape program includes implementation support. Program users can call or email about any problems or questions they may have during their program implementation. Assistance and recommendations will be provided upon request to users regarding how to best implement and evaluate InShape for maximum success and cost-effectiveness.
NOTE: Webinar training was not used in the evaluations which certified InShape and has thus not been certified by Blueprints.
Training Certification Process
A passing score of 100% correct on a multiple item response test is needed to be certified to implement InShape.
Brief Evaluation Methodology
Werch, C. E., Moore, M. J., Bian, H., DeClemente, C. C., Ames, S. C., Weiler, R. M., ... Huang, I. (2008). Efficacy of a brief image-based multiple behavior intervention for college students. Ann Behav Med. 36(2), 149-157.